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  • Shawn Gerbers

Matt. 28:19-20; 1 Cor. 11:23-26 - Only Two

Sacraments are the two -and only two- God has commanded His Word be made visible.

Read / Listen

Read Matt. 28:19-20 / 1 Cor. 11:23-26

Listen to passage & devotional:


Heidelberg Catechism Q&A 68

Q. How many sacraments

did Christ institute in the New Testament?

A. Two: baptism and the Lord’s Supper.



We have spent this week looking at what sacraments are and how they confirm our faith in Jesus Christ. As we come to the end of Lord’s Day 25 we are going to look at one more question. It is a question that perhaps we might think should have been asked at the beginning of the week as opposed to now, but there is a reason it is asked at the end.

Before we get to the question, let's look at our two passages. In Matthew 28:19-20, Jesus gives the Christian Church our marching orders. We are to go and make disciples. It is an imperative; a command given to all believers. When we make these disciples of Jesus Christ, they are to be baptized. This comes directly from Jesus himself.

In 1 Cor. 11:23-26, the Apostle Paul is ensuring the church in Corinth knows what the Lord’s Supper means. It is not simply a meal to be remembered. Paul repeats the words that Jesus used with his disciples when instituted the Lord’s Supper. The Lord’s Supper was given by Jesus to his disciples (and the Church) as a sign and seal of God’s grace in Jesus Christ.

Dig Deeper

Question and answer 68 seems fairly straight forward. Afterall, we have been looking at only two sacraments all week long: the Lord’s Supper and baptism. Why then is this question in the Heidelberg Catechism? Because not all Christians believe there are two sacraments. That is why this question comes at the end of Lord’s Day 25 after we have looked at what sacraments are.

The Heidelberg Catechism was written as a tool for teaching and preaching, as well as a confession of faith. It was a tool that ensured that Reformed believers were taught what the Bible says regarding sin, salvation, and Christian living. While not a direct response to Catholicism, some questions address the differences between Catholicism and the Reformed tradition.

For example, the Roman Catholic Church has seven sacraments: Baptism, confirmation, Eucharist, penance, extreme unction, holy orders, and matrimony. Q&A 68 wants to ensure believers know that there are only two sacraments instituted by Jesus. Nowhere in scripture does Jesus give confirmation, penance, extreme unction, holy orders, nor matrimony to the Church as sacraments.

Furthermore, the Baptist church does not believe the Lord’s Supper and baptism are sacraments, they believe they are ordinances (an act of man in obedience to God).

We celebrate the Lord’s Supper and baptism not because of tradition, but because they have been given to us by Jesus. We celebrate these sacraments because the Holy Spirit works through them to confirm our faith in Jesus. These sacraments are signs and seals of God’s promises to his people, and they impart grace to his children.

Praise be to God that he has given us these sacraments as physical signs of what Jesus has done for us. We are saved through the death and resurrection of Jesus Christ. The Lord’s Supper and baptism confirm this truth.

  • ACKNOWLEDGE WHO GOD IS: The God of all truth;

  • ALIGN YOUR LIFE WITH GOD'S WILL: Pray that the Holy Spirit would make God’s truth known in your life so that you can follow him faithfully all the days of your life;



Read the New Testament in a year, a chapter a day - Colossians 3


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